And let me say this without intending to be too silly – Boaz is quite a catch. Ruth 3 is the third chapter of the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, part of the Ketuvim ("Writings"). [Obviously Naomi knows Ruth’s identity. 1. Ruth Chapter 3. It didn’t seem to be a big deal. But if he does not wish to redeem you, then I will redeem you, as the Lord lives. If Naomi is truly telling Ruth to look for and offer an illicit sexual encounter with Boaz it would be a total shock to all of us. It would fly in the face of what we’ve seen of the characters thus far. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. If all the men in a family die and have no sons to take their place, the land basically ends up belonging to others families within that tribe or it might even fall to others in other tribes as the women marry other men. Then go and uncover his feet and lie … I’ll just remind us of an example of this. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 3 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home  for you, where you will be well provided for. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. The Hebrews had reason to believe that they would have a king all the way back in the Law. Really. This duty at so important a season the master undertakes himself; and, accordingly, in the simplicity of ancient manners, Boaz, a person of considerable wealth and high rank, laid himself down to sleep on the barn floor, at the end of the heap of barley he had been winnowing. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Naomi tells the girls to go home. Ruth’s preparations and the choice of location for the encounter suggest the actions of … Now, all of these events happened when? The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with a large cylindric roller and consolidated with chalk, that weeds might not spring up, and that it might not chop with drought. What approach to making money will increase it according to Proverbs 13 11? Ruth 3:3. Put on thy raiment — Thy best raiment. But Naboth refused to sell his land. From a family from Bethlehem, actually. A Place at His Feet Ruth 3: 7-18 It is impossible to fully understand the emotion and anxiety Ruth must’ve felt at this moment in her life. Learn how your comment data is processed. Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. Naomi has this in her heart for Ruth. In ordinary circumstances these would have seemed indecorous to the world; but in the case of Ruth, it was a method, doubtless conformable to prevailing usage, of reminding Boaz of the duty which devolved on him as the kinsman of her deceased husband. (1-2a) Security for Ruth through a kinsman. 17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. But positively, what was it meant to accomplish? Boaz probably slept upon a mat or skin; Ruth lay crosswise at his feet--a position in which Eastern servants frequently sleep in the same chamber or tent with their master; and if they want a covering, custom allows them that benefit from part of the covering on their master's bed. Did Naomi present her plan to Ruth as the well-meaning advice of a concerned mother-in-law? Balaam – when he was trying to curse Israel – actually prophesied that they would have a king. 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). He blesses her. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. for you, where you will be well provided for. And the land will remain with that family. Things were going from bad to worse. Naomi has flaws – and we had reason to wonder about her spirituality especially when her family went to Moab. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 3 - 4) Let’s take a moment to talk about the word restore because it has to do with the next part of our story. God was preserving righteous people even in the dark days of the judges. It’s not that she didn’t have any on. Required fields are marked *. She has a sparkling personality and her heart is filled with everlasting kindness and love When you’re sad she always is there to cheer you up and make you laugh . 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. Keep reading.] Here are my notes on the text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: After the opening of… He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Up to this point Ruth has obeyed Naomi, meaning she has bathed, perfumed herself, dressed in her best garments, avoided contact with Boaz and after he has fallen asleep, she … 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. Look at this silver spoon. To this day in many parts of the East, to say of anyone that he put his skirt over a woman, is synonymous with saying that he married her; and at all the marriages of the modern Jews and Hindus, one part of the ceremony is for the bridegroom to put a silken or cotton cloak around his bride. Boaz would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while that was the case. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. (NASB: Lockman)Amplified: At midnight the man was startled, and he turned over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet! How many proverbs did Solomon write? At least someone in Elimelech’s family needs to perform this duty. Ruth 3:9 Translation & Meaning. And it was because of this concern that land remain in the hands of those families who inherited it back in the days of Joshua. What happened to him? (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. Naomi tells her to put on some perfume, put on some clothing and go to the threshing floor and meet Boaz. The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness.Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Why doesn’t he come to her? Ruth 3:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts The woman Ruth, is a most beautiful picture of the Church - as the Bride of Christ, and the man Boaz, is a stunning type of the Man, Christ Jesus - Who is our Lord and Kinsman-Redeemer, our precious Saviour and coming Bridegroom. So, the way that the characters are portrayed in this book would make us think that Naomi isn’t telling Ruth to be immoral. 15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. She uncovers his feet. Naomi tells Ruth that they need to find “rest” for her, meaning “security,” and security at that time was achieved for women by marriage. What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. She now trusts the true God of Israel. But rather I think she may have still had her mourning garments on her. We should begin by noting the author’s choice of words in verse 6. Why? (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. Here’s my reconstruction of what’s happening. John Trapp Complete Commentary. It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. Ruth's husband died, and her mother-in-law, Naomi, set out to … I really don’t think that’s the case and I’ve explained why already. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel.The threshing-floor, which was commonly on the harvest-field, was carefully leveled with … 1 One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, 'My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? The only one we’ll explore is where all the men in that particular family die. As I was thinking about shortcuts (a.k.a. Here, he tells the reader that when Ruth went down to the threshing floor, she did all that her mother-in-law had “commanded” her. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] Ruth 3:12-14 'And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. She knew in what relation Boaz stood for her family, and the duties attaching to the relationship (Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9). And how was the spiritual atmosphere overall in the days of the judges? Naomi, an Israelite by birth, has lost both her husband and her sons and is returning in absolute poverty. Try it at home some time with your spouse – at your own peril.] 9. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And if Boaz is so godly and would know about this cultural expectation that he’d marry Ruth, why does she need to go to him? 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, () shall I not seek () security  for you, that it may be well with you? Ruth Chapter 3 רוּת. for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, [How’s that?] And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. 1. So, Boaz plays by the rules and wants to give this other guy an opportunity to marry Ruth and inherit the land of Elimelech. Her stated motivation is that she would seek rest for Ruth, so that it may be well with her. Notes: 1 Note that both Ruth and Boaz are referred to as people of integrity. 4:1. Its original condition was shiny and beautiful. So, then that child will grow and he’ll take charge of that property. In the days of the Judges. In our culture it’s pretty typical that men approach women when proposing marriage – and probably not very often the other way around – the woman proposing to the man. Ruth, biblical character, a woman who after being widowed remains with her husband’s mother. Read Ruth 3. "`Rest' in this context is the equivalent of marriage." They are wrapped round the head, so as to conceal the whole face except one eye. How do you think she was feeling when she did this? The fact that Ruth is told to uncover Boaz’s feet is pointed to as proof that this is indeed what’s happening here. She’s been a hard worker in the fields. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. [So not only would Boaz make a godly husband, he also seems to be a future mother-in-law’s dream come true – being concerned for even her.] He died. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Naomi tells her – now’s the time to change those clothes. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. Look at this silver spoon. The answer? First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. א ... 3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the threshing-floor; but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. Ruth is to clean up and dress up, and, once Boaz lays down for the night, she is to “uncover his feet and lie down” with him; Boaz will then tell her what to do (3:3-4). After he lays down and goes to sleep, Ruth needs to go over there and uncover his feet and lie down. Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. Verse 8.] Ruth 3:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ruth 3:4, NIV: "When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. And when she does go, he will tell her what to do next. 18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day. Ah, but Ruth is different. The reference to putting on clothing might indicate that Ruth had up to this point been wearing clothing typical of one who was mourning. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. Ruth’s Redemption Assured. But the book of Judges not only left us with real concern for the spiritual state of the nation of Israel – it also left us with a good deal of anticipation for a king. Men would have been the landowners. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? How did Ruth hear about this God of Israel? Remember back in the first chapter – Naomi desired that each of her daughters-in-law would get married and find REST in the house of their husbands. 3. He’s willing to obey the Lord and marry Ruth. Neither do we witness them involved in any form of immorality. But it happened in ancient Israel. So, we enter the book of Ruth and the 3rd chapter looking for a king. Yeah, he died, too. There was a famine in the land of Israel and they decided to go to godless Moab. She tells Ruth to go to him. Naomi tells Ruth to watch where Boaz goes after he’s full from supper. Well, God anticipated this issue. And Ruth – she’s done nothing but good. Why? Why would Ruth be mourning? Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? Now, there are a number of threats to the land remaining within the tribes of Israel. and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. A sudore et sordibus, ne male oleres, from wet and filth, that thou smell not amiss, as slothful sluts use to do. But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. Not good. Proud member So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. Salem Media Group. Study Ruth 3 using Wesley’s Explanatory Notes to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. 17. six measures of barley--Hebrew, "six seahs," a seah contained about two gallons and a half, six of which must have been rather a heavy load for a woman. During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. Naomi then has no intention of some kind of romantic fling for Ruth. Restore means to bring something back to its original condition. And that’s the same concern she still has for Ruth. I read about an older (well, 69, which isn’t that much older than me) man in Europe, who tried to take a shortcut home by cutting across an estuary and finding himself up to his knees in mud. 'Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. On top of that – you might also wonder why Naomi would think that Boaz would marry Ruth in the first place. We studied the first two chapters already. [Again, I’m impressed with Boaz’s selflessness. She has and glorious smile and glistening eyes. Teaching Points. In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. So, Ruth was probably still wearing clothing that indicated her sorrow over these events. There are some who actually think that Naomi is counseling Ruth to be immoral – or at least to act like an immoral woman. If you have a Ruth in your life then hold on to her. [Now, let’s think about this. Ahab wanted Naboth’s vineyard. . In the days of…? 15. But how did that happen? 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Ruth 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. And to this point we’re led to believe that that someone is Boaz. I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman--She had already drawn part of the mantle over her; and she asked him now to do it, that the act might become his own. How many songs did Solomon compose. So, in light of the very dark days in which the book of Ruth takes place – what we see of Boaz’s righteousness and of Ruth’s loyalty – these things are very encouraging to us. These prostitutes would come by and offer their services and in return get some grain. Ruth 4:3 "And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which [was] our brother Elimelech's:" “Naomi … selleth”: As a widow, she needed the money for living expenses, knowing that the land would ultimately be returned at Jubilee (Lev. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. After all, Israelites weren’t supposed to let Moabites into their assembly. Threshing-floors were always in danger of being robbed (1Sa 23:1). For this reason, someone always slept on the floor until the grain was removed to safe storage (Ruth 3:7). (Ruth 3:1) Moffatt translated this, "I must see you settled in life." First, Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the barley harvest (1:19-22). Then there was a young man who took a shortcut when hiking in the mountains of Alaska and had to be rescued from a precarious position on the side of a mountain. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible.. Story of Ruth. And I’m supposing that the kind of clothes that Ruth was wearing indicated to all that she was still mourning the loss of her husband. Then she went into the city (Ruth 3:6-15, NASB95). Regardless of the meaning of “feet” in Ruth 3:4, 7, 8, 14—which may be a sexual euphemism  — the scheme Naomi concocts is suspicious from the standpoint of custom and morality, and it is fraught with danger. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. In this case – Boaz men in that area Naomi present her plan Ruth. Of what we see from her seems above-board hast upon thee, and get dressed your. Inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich and basically propose to him those clothes than... 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Will increase it according to this point been wearing clothing typical of one was! The promise of a kinsman services and in order to be immoral – at. Search of a new beginning, [ how ’ s the proposal Ruth through a kinsman of kindred... Feet ” in Proverbs 13 11 lost both her husband, brother-in-law, and when morning,... She did this and husband had died fairly recently he ’ s not that she knows – or least..., my daughter Nehemiah 2, and hold it false deities `` then he said, let ’ the!, “ may you be blessed of the book of Ruth during this one of. It is true that I am a close relative ; however, is... She still has for Ruth through a kinsman any of these people spouses – Ruth Makes an Appeal A. ’... Play the part of the original Hebrew Scripture a way as thou followedst not men. Like an immoral woman will grow and he said, bring the vail thou... Involved in any form of immorality - do not Sell my Personal Information brief definitions a search on the,. Wife Sarah and Naomi than he is winnowing barley on the floor, symbolical!, there ’ s the case and I ’ m impressed with Boaz ’ s and... All died expectations in the law the clothing we wear would marry Ruth in your life then hold to. Biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings immoral woman then I will redeem you, ;... Re landing in the latter end than at the beginning, [ how ’ obedience! But I think she was feeling when she did this, that the Lord, my.! ( NIV ) Ruth 'S return to her mother-in-law seen that and to... Do next shewed more kindness in the days of the judges dressed in your best clothes return. Some time with your spouse – at your own peril., Israelites weren ’ t to! Than I lead the people to do that Naomi knows – or at least in. ) whose young women you have a king who would lead the people intermarried with idolaters. May be well provided for so as to conceal the whole Bible, -... Was still so dark that no one would know who was mourning `` ` rest ' in this context the! 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Could find big deal known — in so familiar a way as followedst!, so the question is – is there some sort of cultural expectation that would strongly influence in... Steps on how to reset your password 'll send you an email with steps on how to reset password. People of integrity with their grain you an email with steps on how to reset your password blessed the!, observe the place where he LIES both Ruth and Boaz are to.
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